Dr. Xavier Mertz - Biographical Notes

In charge of Greenland dogs - Aurora 1911-1913

Single, of Basle, Switzerland, a graduate in Law of the Universities of Leipzig and Berne. Prior to joining the Expedition he had gained the Ski-running Championship of Switzerland and was an experienced mountaineer. At the Main Base (Adelie Land) he was assisted by B. E. S. Ninnis in the care of the Greenland dogs. On January 7, 1913, during a sledging journey, he lost his life, one hundred miles south-east of Winter Quarters.
From Appendix 1, Mawson - Heart of the Antarctic

Mertz clears snow from verandah Winter Quarters Adelie Land
Mertz clears snow from the verandah of the Winter Quarters in Adelie Land

Landmarks named after Xavier Mertz

Feature Name: Mertz Glacier
Feature Type: glacier
Latitude: 67°30'S
Longitude: 144°45'E
Description:  A heavily crevassed glacier, about 45 mi long and averaging 20 mi wide. It reaches the sea between Cape De la Motte and Cape Hurley where it continues as a large glacier tongue. Discovered by the AAE (1911-14) under Douglas Mawson.

Feature Name: Mertz Glacier Tongue
Feature Type: glacier
Latitude: 67°10'S
Longitude: 145°30'E
Description:  A glacier tongue, about 45 mi long and 25 mi wide, forming the seaward extension of Mertz Glacier. Discovered and named by the AAE (1911-14) under Douglas Mawson.

Feature Name: Mertz-Ninnis Valley
Feature Type: valley
Latitude: 67°25'S
Longitude: 146°00'E
Description:  An undersea valley named in association with the Mertz Glacier/Mertz Tongue and the Ninnis Glacier/Ninnis Tongue. Name approved 12/71 (ACUF 132).
Variant Names:  Adelie Depression / Mertz-Ninnis Trough

Dr. Mertz in Burberry helmet jacket early stages in formation of an ice mask

Dr. Mertz in a Burberry jacket, early stages in formation of an ice mask
Mertz Basilisk

Mertz on skis with the husky Basilisk

Mertz emerging Aladdin's Cave

Mertz emerging from Aladdin's Cave
Mertz leaving Hut trapdoor verandah roof

Mertz leaving the Hut through a trapdoor in the verandah roof after the doors are blocked with drifted snow

Taking stores to Aladdin's Cave Mertz Ninnis Murphy

Taking stores to Aladdin's Cave, Mertz, Ninnis and Murphy
En route to Australia, Mertz, Corner, Second Engineer Gray, Ninnis

Portrait photogrphy under difficulties! En route to Australia. Left to Right: Mertz, Corner (Second Engineer), Gray and Ninnis

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