A Quick-Look at some of the ways that Antarctic penguins are suited to their lifestyle. Penguins are some of the most successful animals in this extremely cold environment, what are their secrets?.
Illustrated overview -
teaching resources with QR codes
A brief introduction to the ways that Antarctic penguins are adapted to their environment. 15 images with simple captions and QR codes to larger picture pages, single unlinked pages or as a slide-show
How to use these pages and codes.
A QR (quick response) code is a simple way of connecting to a webpage. To use them you need a QR Reader app on a smart phone or tablet, you then scan the code and with another click you are taken to the webpage.
They give a simple real world way of finding a specific web resource and can be printed onto any paper document, worksheet, sticker etc. so make it easy for students to go to exactly where you want them. Copy any of the codes on this page and use them in your own documents or print out all the codes (links at top of page) to cut-out, laminate, physically cut and paste etc. them into your worksheets, lesson plans or scheme of work.
These resources are based around slides with a short caption than can be viewed as a show or individually via the QR codes.
The codes link to individual clean and simple pages that are not part of the slide show so you can simplify the use of the resources.
2 - Penguins move fastest on snow and ice by "tobogganing" - they lie on their front and push themselves with their feet, they can go faster than you can run.
4 - Penguins pull their feet in close for streamlining when swimming, like an aircraft pulling in its wheels Penguins can stick a foot out as a water-brake, they can turn and head back where they came in 1/5th of a second.
5 - Penguin "wings" are adapted to be short, stiff flippers for "flying" in water. The elbow and wrist joints are fixed to give a rigid flipper for swimming underwater.
7 - All penguins apart from King and Emperor penguins build a nest. They are a low pile of stones so if the temperature rises and snow melts, the nest is not flooded.
8 - Emperor and King penguin parents keep their egg and then the young chick on their feet, it is covered by a flap of skin called a brood pouch until they are large enough to keep themselves warm.
10 - Like other birds, penguins lay eggs which have to be kept warm all the time, the parents take it in turns to look after the egg or go to sea to feed.
11 - Chicks are fed on the nest by the parents until they are big enough to join a creche for protection against predators, this lets both parents to go to sea at the same time to catch more food.
13 - Emperor penguins form huddles to keep warm in the coldest weather, they take it in turns to be on the outside or in the middle!
14 - Penguins gather at the ice edge in groups before jumping in the sea. This confuses any predators that might be about and increases each penguins chance of survival.
Picture credits: Penguin feet - eileenmak under creative commons, attribution 2.0 generic licence. / Preening penguin - Liam Quinn from Canada, under creative commons, attribution 2.0 share-alike licence.