The most sparsely populated country in Europe with around 330,000 people, Iceland is a geologically new country, the mid-Atlantic ridge goes right through it and geological features abound. The Arctic Circle skims by off the northern coast, and the Gulf Steam gives a more temperate climate than might be expected. Iceland has clean air in abundance and a landscape still actively shaped by ice and fire alongside a Nordic culture of vikings, literature and mythology.

Iceland Travel Guide
Arctic Destinations sample cruise

Iceland circumnavigation cruises - 10-11 days - departures July & Aug - from $10,900
Iceland + Greenland
- 11-17 days - departures Aug & Sept - from $5,995

Information: Arctic travel basics | more travel details | request contact | clothing | boots
Regions:  Canada | Greenland | Iceland | Svalbard

Iceland map

With a small population and isolated from other landmasses, Iceland is an adventurous place to visit.

Iceland map

78% of the population live in and around the very modern and progressive capital city of Reykjavik. A group of permanent ice-caps provide varied and beautiful scenery, this is very much a wide open spaces "outdoors" kind of country.

tourism in iceland iceland holidays iceland visit iceland travel advice visit iceland holiday in iceland iceland iceland travel iceland trip iceland trip

A view from Rekjavik Iceland

Iceland has been settled since around 874 CE being populated from Norway and then later on from other Nordic countries. For centuries it existed on subsistence fishing and agriculture, it was one of the poorest countries in Europe up to the years following the Second World War. It has since found a post-war prosperity and is now one of the most developed and progressive countries. Tourism is now one of the major economic activities in Iceland with total tourist numbers over a year being about 5 times the size of the population.

Iceland sits on Mid Atlantic Ridge, the fault line stretching don the middle of the Atlantic Ocean where the North American and Eurasian plates are moving apart.

Places to visit in Iceland


The capital city. You will almost certainly visit Reykjavik on a trip to Iceland, the main international airport at Keflavik is 30 miles (48 km) away. It is a city well worth visiting in its own right, very modern forwards thinking and European, blessed with many fine restaurants serving Icelandic cuisine and Icelandic takes on more familiar foods. It is small enough to reach many of the attractions within the city on foot. There are many places where you can book excursions for a single day or for longer trips of several days, whether bike tours, whale watching, wildlife adventures, horse riding, 4x4 trips and many that focus on visiting Iceland's enviable array of impressive natural scenery and sights. There are angling trips to fish for salmon, trout, char or sea fish, you can even dive or snorkel between two of the world's great tectonic plates with the North American plate to one side of you and the Eurasian plate to the other at Silfra in 100m+ visibility.

Blue Lagoon Iceland

Thermal Swimming Pools

There is a lot of geothermal activity close to the surface over much of Iceland which is used either directly from hot springs or indirectly as a by-product from power generation to provide indoor and outdoor swimming pools that can be used year-round. Perhaps the best known (or at least best promoted) is the "Blue Lagoon" which being situated very close to Keflavik airport is often incorporated into a trip to Iceland on arrival or shortly before departure. The warm water is mineral rich and gives the opportunity to swim in a huge outdoor pool often steaming with its own warmth into the cold pure Icelandic air.

The Golden Circle

The name given to a circular tour from Reykjavik that lasts a day, typically made by coach and led by a guide. It takes in the huge double stepped waterfall of Gullfoss (Golden Falls), the Geysir geothermal area where you can see the original geyser that gave its name to all the others "Geysir", this doesn't erupt quite so often these days though there are others around that go off on a regular basis such as Strokkor which throws a column of boiling water up to about 30m every ten minutes or so.

Thingvellir National Park is on the tour where you can walk between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates at a place of great cultural and historical significance also as it is where the Althing, the National Parliament of Iceland was held from 930 CE, being actively used until 1798. The park was designated as a World Heritage Site in 2004.

Other attractions may be included in the tour depending on the time taken and the operator who runs it.

thingvellir Iceland
Thingvellir, the site of the old Icelandic parliament and where two continetal plates are slowly moving apart
icelandic turf roofed houses
Icelandic turf roofed houses

Northern Lights

Iceland is an great place to see the Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis. As this is a natural phenomenon it cannot be predicted in time or intensity and so seeing the Aurora is a bit hit and miss. They are more likely to be seen at some times of year than at others. They are at a peak around the equinoxes, the 21st of March and the 21st of September. Outide of these periods, they are no more or less likely in the summer or winter months, though to see them clearly requires the sky to be dark, with over 21 hours of daylight in midsummer against just 4 and a half in midwinter, a winter aurora is far more likely to be visible than a summer one. September to April are reckoned to be the best times to see the Northern Lights.

Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis, Iceland
2nd November 2013

Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis, Iceland
3rd February 2009

Fire and Ice

Iceland is far enough north to have permanent glaciers and icecaps, they cover about 11% of the land area or 11,400 km2, the largest of these is the ice cap of Vatnajokull which alone comprises about 74% of the permanent ice area of the country, another twelve glaciers and ice caps make up the rest. There are glacier hiking tours and you can walk into ice caves as a part of an organized trip. The ice also of course provides for some very spectacular scenery and provides lakes and streams in the summer months that form from the melting ice.

Iceland is an island formed entirely from volcanic eruptions from a particularly large and active hot spot on the Mid-Atlantic ridge. About a third of all the magma that has erupted on the earth over the last 10,000 years came out onto Iceland. There are volcanic eruptions on average every four years. While actual eruptions are relatively rare and may take place in more difficult places to access when they occur, the effects of this volcanic activity can be seem almost anywhere in the country in the form of geysers, hot springs and the youthful (in geological terms) rock formations and flow patterns. Geothermal energy contributes the majority of electricity used by the country.

Fimmvorduhals, 26th March 2010


Iceland can be reached year round by flights from a number of airports in Europe, the USA and Canada. The flights take 3 hours from London, and 5 hours 30 mins from New York, flights from several European cities are direct and non-stop, from further afield in the world, connecting flights can be met at European airports. Iceland is a member of the Schengen Area, visas are not needed for the nationals of the EU/EEA/USA and many other countries to enter Iceland, total stay in the Schengen Area must not exceed three months in any period of six months. use this to check. There are no sea ferries, though many cruise ship itineraries include Greenland in part or as a whole of the trip, see below.

contact our travel partners who will help you find the best cruise for your requirements

Sample cruise routes around or including Iceland:
the actual routes available and durations vary somewhat from season to season, many trips can happen in either direction.

Iceland, 11 days land based programme, hot springs, fishing, hiking, history, ice cap drive and ice cave walk, whale watching

Iceland circumnavigation, 10 days, with inland excursions to sample some of all of Iceland's attractions

Newfoundland to Iceland, 14 days, 11 days cruising Eastern Canada and crossing the Atlantic for 3 days around Iceland, where you could stay longer before flying home.

Scotland to Iceland, 12 days. Join the ship at Leith (near Edinburgh), cruise via the Orkney, Shetland and Faroe Islands to Iceland, outstanding wildlife, history and scenery, disembark Reykjavik.

3 islands trip, 13-17 days, Svalbard, Greenland and Iceland, itineraries and time at each island vary.

13 days - join a ship at Reykjavik, combines Iceland with the southern fjords of Greenland and the UNESCO World Site of Ilulissat Isfjord on the west coast flying back to Copenhagen.

Iceland sample cruise

contact our travel partners who will help you find the best cruise for your requirements
Arctic Cruises and Land Based Trips

Arctic - Svalbard / Spitsbergen - Sample Cruises - 2020

Trip Highlights Prices USD* Days
Around Spitsbergen Circumnavigation of Spitsbergen, polar bears, glaciers, sea-ice, sea-bird colonies and other wildlife, hiking, child-friendly. $5,050 -
Svalbard / Spitsbergen Circumnavigation Historic sites, sea-ice, glaciers, wild flowers, lush tundra, walrus, polar bears, reindeer, huge sea bird colonies, optional kayaking. $6,995 -
Arctic Exploration: A Voyage to Iceland, East Greenland, and Norway Norway's Fjords, Icelands volcanic Westman Islands, Greenland’s ice-etched eastern coast, sea-bird colonies, wild-flower tundra, hiking, child-friendly, optional kayaking. $17,160 - $29,910 17

Arctic - Greenland and Canada - Sample Cruises - 2020

Iceland and East Greenland Spectacular scenery of East Greenland and Western Iceland, Inuit culture, museums, historic sites. Fjords, mountains and ice, geothermal hotsprings. Seabirds, look out for humpback and minke whales. Optional kayaking. $6,295 -
Northwest Passage and Greenland Historic Canadian and Greenlandic sites, abundant wildlife, rich Inuit culture and dramatic icy landscapes. Polar bears, whales and walrus, hike across the tundra, Ilulisat, UNESCO World Heritage Site. Optional kayaking. $13,195 -
Canadian Arctic and Greenland – Ultimate Thule North along the coast of west Greenland to the geomagnetic North Pole and then return south along the east coast of Ellesmere and Baffin islands. Giant glaciers and icebergs, polar bears, walrus, sea-birds, Inuit culture, historic sites. $20,850 - $58,910 17

Arctic - Land Based - Sample Trips - 2020

Trip Highlights Prices USD* Days
Northern Lights Photography Tour Churchill, Canada has one of the most active auroral displays in the world, making it an optimal destination for northern lights photography. View from innovative Aurora Pods with a glass top and sides, and heated Aurora Domes. $5,995 + return flight from Winnpeg from $995 7

* Prices are based per person, the lowest price is usually for triple occupancy in a basic cabin, the highest for double occupancy in the best available suite.

Options may be at additional cost and are usually booked when the cruise is booked - it may be too late once the cruise has started.


Contact me about
a trip to the Arctic!

Please complete the form
and an Arctic Expert will contact you

Please note - we cannot help directly to find employment in the Arctic, please do not use this form to request any other information than for Arctic tourist trips

Picture credits: Blue Lagoon, by Moyan Brenn from Anzio Italy - used under CC2 Attribution Generic license  |  Aurora borealis 1, by Francisco Diez from Toronto Canada - used under CC2 Attribution Generic license  |  Aurora borealis 1, by Omar Smith - used under CC2 Attribution Generic license  |  Volcanic eruption, by Olikristinn,  used under CC3 Attribution Unported license  |  Ice and lake, by Andreas Tille - used under GNU 1.2 license