Parkas, Down or Synthetic Fill Jackets for Winter - Cold Weather Coats

There's no such thing as bad weather - only the wrong clothes. There is a bewildering range of winter coats and jackets, some look good, some work well too, we find the most functional that provide value for money.

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Your outer layer should be windproof and maybe waterproof too (but see below in very cold temperatures). Antarctica is the windiest place on earth, don't skimp on this or imagine that you can get by with an outer garment that is "pretty windproof". Antarctica does proper wind. Proper biting - gets through every nook and cranny - straight to the bones - wind.

Features to look for in a coat for extreme cold conditions

extreme cold weather parka

Extreme cold weather shell layer garments are wind-proof but are not always waterproof, this makes them softer and more pliable in very low temperatures, and may also help keep the cost down. Water-resistant is fine if you will not use the garment in extended wet conditions. In very cold conditions there's no liquid water about!

Down - 500 / 600 / 700 fill, what's that all about then?. This is the "Fill Power", a measure of the insulating properties of the down. The higher the number, the higher the quality of the down - generally. Take one ounce of down, compress it and then release it - the down will expand and fill up a volume, in cubic inches this is the down's "fill power". A high fill power means that the garment will be lighter weight for the same warmth and more compressible if you are going to pack it away in a back pack or similar.

Down is still the gold standard insulation material for the most extreme conditions being used in the Far North and Far South alike during the winter months.

As it is so light and compressible it is also used for lightweight jackets/sweaters that provide serious insulation for their low bulk, especially as they can stuffed into a surprisingly small bag when not used and then quickly brought out when needed.

Synthetic insulation is better for conditions where cold and wet may be encountered as it is less affected by water than down. It is a little heavier than down for an equivalent insulation level and doesn't compress so well, it is also less expensive.

Garment details - high quality insulation and enough of it are key ingredients in the making of a jacket for extreme cold conditions, though the design of the garment is very important too, to make the most of the insulation, to ensure that cold spots don't arise and also to provide a level of versatility for changing conditions.

Drawcords, close-down or open-up cuffs and maybe vents help If it warms up somewhat or if the snow really starts to blow and threatens to get into every nook and cranny that it can, and as we all know snow in the cranny is no laughing matter.

winter parka

Tapes or toggles on zip pullers mean they are easy to operate while wearing gloves or mittens. Storm flaps that fold and close over the main opening zip avoid a thinly insulated region where heat can escape and help keep wind, snow and rain out.

Cost - Quality insulation is not cheap, it makes little sense to use expensive materials in a garment that cuts corners in other ways, so good insulated jackets are usually made with other high quality materials and with extra features that add to versatility, warmth and comfort resulting in a mid range to high end finished product.

Bulk and weight - Stating the obvious perhaps, but a coat that is going to keep you warm at minus a lot and in a blizzard needs to be substantial to do so. Even if filled with the best and lightest insulation it's not going to be as lightweight as a jacket for less extreme conditions despite what you might see claimed. There is no miracle super light and thin, super effective insulation material that you hardly know you've got on, it's all relative.

3 in 1 Jackets - An excellent compromise solution if you don't have really extreme cold to deal with. These consist of two garments, an outer shell layer that is wind and waterproof and an inner insulating layer that may be down, synthetic or fleece and usually at least wind resistant or windproof. In the warmer months either can be worn alone, then when the temperature falls, they can be combined, sometimes zipping together or connecting with press-studs so they can be put on and taken off again as a single jacket. As they are manufactured to do this, they fit together far better than they would if you bought 2 separate jackets to do the same job. More on 3 in 1 jackets.

Having two layers in one gives extra insulation by trapping air in between the layers and results in a coat that is often warmer than you might imagine it will be at first sight.

pit zips

"Pit Zips" a detail found on some outer waterproof layers such as this which is part of a 3 in 1 jacket. 2 zip-pullers that start in the arm pit, one goes nearly to the elbow, the other down the side of the body. They can be opened even when it is raining to provide significant ventilation without taking the jacket off, almost as effective as unzipping the front of the coat without the wind getting in or flapping the front around. A great idea for flexibility of performance.

What about wool? - Wool is a very popular material to make winter coats from and you can pay far more for a high-end wool coat than any you will find on this page. It is however an awful material for an effective winter coat for use in very cold conditions whether it's windy or not. Wool is fine for "looking at" coats or one to wear between the car park and the brief journey into a heated building, but absolutely not as effective as a well designed modern insulated jacket. Wool coats are the clothing equivalent of an elegant car with 100 year old technology. On the other hand, wool is a very effective material as an insulation or base layer under a protective outer shell.

Quick links to buy from Amazon

  • Winter parka, with down or synthetic insulation
    Men's   Women's

  • Gore-Tex breathable waterproof outer shell jacket
    Men's  Women's

  • 3-in-1 Jackets, a windproof and often waterproof outer shell with a separate insulating inner jacket, worn separately or together for two layers in one.
    Men's   Women's

  • Budget choice, recommended brand, Mountain Warehouse make good quality winter jackets at affordable prices.
    Men's  Women's

  • Military extreme cold weather clothing, military style or surplus clothing, effective if not pretty. Note, this usually relies on layering for effectiveness and so outer garments in particular may be a relatively uninsulated shell intended to go over separate insulating layers underneath.

Recommended cold weather parka brands:
Rab   The North Face   Jack Wolfskin

Recommended Women's
Insulated Jackets

(men's down the page)

The North Face Arctic Down Parka - Women's
North Face Arctic Parka - Women's

Waterproof breathable outer, removable hood, knee length for extra protection and to avoid cold bum-bench contact

Marmot Montreux Down Coat for Women
Marmot Montreaux - Women's

Past mid thigh length, water-resistant coating, treated 700 fill down insulation, plush fleece lined for extra comfort

Marmot Montreal Down Coat for Women
Marmot Montreal - Women's

Knee length for extra warmth, water-resistant, 700 fill down insulation

Trespass Sachs Down Jacket - Women's
Trespass Sachs Down Jacket - Women's

budget choice
Down fill, windproof, knee length, water resistant

Didriksons Women's Parka
Didriksons Parka - Women's

Waterproof, long and lightweight coat, Swedish brand founded in 1913, no real fur, leather or natural down

Jack Wolfskin Iceguard Coat - Women's
Jack Wolfskin Iceguard Coat - Women's

Knee-length, windproof and very warm winter coat

Windfield 3-in-1 Parka
Windfield 3-in-1 Parka - Women's

Waterproof, long parka with detachable inner fleece lined gilet

Valiance Insulated Jacket - Women's
Rab Valiance Insulated Jacket - Women's

Waterproof outer, 800 fill goose down, fully featured

Canada Goose Kensington Down Parka
Canada Goose Down Parkas - Women's

Serious cold weather gear, the United States Antarctic Program uses Canada Goose parkas

Canada Goose Kensington Down Parka
Marmot Chelsea Waterproof Down Coat - Women's

Waterproof, 650 down fill, faux fur ruff, long and smooth surface finish

   See more Women's Winter Parkas

Recommended Men's
Insulated Jackets


Clique Mountain Wear Expedition Parka
Clique Mountain Wear Expedition Parka

budget choice, Nylon outer, synthetic insulation. Red or black.


Craghoppers Men's Bishorn Jackets Waterproof Insulated
Craghoppers Bishorn Jacket - Men's

budget choice, 
Synthetic insulated waterproof parka

Mountain Warehouse Antarctic Mens Jacket
Mountain Warehouse Antarctic Extreme Parka - Men's

Substantial down insulated jacket, completely weatherproof outer

The North Face McMurdo Down Parka
The North Face McMurdo Down Parka - Men's

 Waterproof, breathable outer, 550 fill down, removable hood, faux fur trim, serious insulation

Patagonia Mens Down Sweater Jacket
The North Face Thermoball Outdoor Jacket - Men's

A very lightweight synthetic insulation jacket the equivalent of 600 fill down, stows in its own pocket

Trespass Men's Ultra Light Blustery Outdoor Jacket
Jack Wolfskin Men's The Cook Parka

Windproof and water resistant, down and feather insulation

Geographical Norway Winter Jacket Parka
Geographical Norway Winter Jacket Parka - Men's

Synthetic outer and insulation, very warm jacket

Mountain Warehouse Featherweight Down Jacket - Men'sMountain Warehouse Featherweight Down Jacket - Men's
budget choice, ultra lightweight, easy to pack, water resistant

Jack Wolfskin Herren North Country Jacket - Men's
Trespass DLX Highland Men's Down Parka Jacket

Waterproof longer length jacket with down insulation

canada goose expedition parka
Canada Goose Down Parkas - Men's
Serious cold weather gear, the United States Antarctic Program uses Canada Goose parkas

   See more Men's Winter Parkas