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Then - Nimrod - 1865

Ships Then and Now
A Comparison of Modern and Heroic Age Polar Ships

Now - Yamal - 1992

 
Antarctic Ships: Overview  Historical: L'Astrolabe & Zelee | Aurora | Belgica | Discovery | Endurance
Erebus / Terror: Ross-Antarctica Franklin-Arctic Franklin time-line Franklin-Map | Fram Fram 2 | Nimrod | Terra Nova
Modern: Ice-strengthened and icebreakers | James Clark Ross | Kapitan Khlebnikov | Yamal
Ships then and now - a comparison

Some comparative statistics for polar vessels over almost 200 years arranged by date of launching. Where "original strengthening" is marked for the hull, it refers to the fact that the hull design was stronger than the normal for a ship of the time. Note that until 1892, all ships had been built for some other purpose and only used in the polar regions as a consequence of their stronger than usual design features making them suitable for work around ice.

Ship name Length, Breadth, Draft, m Displacement Launched Design purpose Power Hull
L'Astrolabe
  380 tons 1811 Naval corvette sail only Wooden

Terror

31.1 x 8.2 x 3.8 325 tons 1813 Shore bombardment sail only
(fitted with 20hp engine later)
Wooden
original strengthening + extra for Antarctic

Erebus

32 x 8.7 x 4.2 372 tons 1826 Shore bombardment sail only
(fitted with 20hp engine later)
Wooden
original strengthening + extra for Antarctic

Nimrod

41.5 x 8.2 x 4.9 334 tons 1865 Sealer 60 nhp Wooden
original strengthening

Aurora

50.3 x 9.3 x 5.7 380 tons 1876 Sealer 98 nhp Wooden
original strengthening

Terra Nova

57 x 9.6 x 5.8 744 tons 1884 Whaler 140 nhp Wooden
original strengthening

Belgica

36 x 7.6 x 4.1 336 tons 1884 Sealer 30 nhp Wooden
original strengthening

Fram

39 x 11 x 4.8 402 tons 1892 Arctic expedition 220 hp Wooden
original strengthening

Discovery

52.1 x 10.3 x 4.8 485 tons 1901 Antarctic expedition 450 nhp Wooden
original strengthening

Endurance

43.9 x 7.5 300 tons 1912 Arctic tours 350 hp Wooden
original strengthening

James Clark Ross

99 x 18.9 x 6.4 5,730 tonnes 1990 Antarctic supply and research 8,500 shp Steel
original strengthening

Kapitan Khlebnikov

132.4 x 27.8 x 8.5 15,000 tonnes 1980 Icebreaker 24,200 hp Steel
original strengthening

Yamal

150 x 30 x 11 23,455 tonnes 1992 Nuclear icebreaker 75,000 shp Steel
original strengthening


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