Robert Falcon Scott - Discovery - Crew British Antarctic Expedition 1901 - 1904The Discovery Expedition
|Allan, David S. - Petty
officer, 1st class, R.N.
Armitage, Albert B. , Lieutenant R.N.R. - second-in-command and navigator
Baker, John D. - seaman, R.N.
Barne, Michael - Second lieutenant, R.N.
Bernacchi, Louis C. - physicist
Blissett, Arthur Henry - Steward
Bonner- seaman, R.N.
Buckridge, Horace Edgar - Laboratory Assistant
Clarke, Charles - 2nd Cook, R.N.
Clarke- Laboratory Assistant
Crean, Thomas - seaman, R.N.
Cross, Jacob - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.
Croucher, George Beaver - seaman, R.N.
Dailey, Fred E. - Carpenter, R.N.
Dell, James William - seaman, R.N.
Dellbridge, James H. - Second engineer, R.N.
Duncan, James - Carpenter's mate, shipwright
Evans- rating, R.N.
Evans, Edgar - Petty officer, 2nd class, R.N.
Feather, Thomas A. - Boatswain (Bosun), R.N.
Ferrar, Hartley T. - geologist
Ford, C. Reginald - Chief Steward / stores officer, R.N.
Handsley, Jesse - seaman R.N.
Hare, Clarence - steward
Heald, William Lofthouse - seaman, R.N.
Hodgson, Thomas Vere - naturalist
Joyce, Ernest Edwards Mills - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.
Kennar, Thomas - Petty officer, 2nd class, R.N.
Koettlitz, Reginald - Surgeon / doctor
LashlyWilliam - Chief stoker, R.N.
|Macfarlane, William - Petty
officer, 1st class, R.N.
Mulock, George F. A. - third lieutenant in charge of holds, stores, provisions and deep sea water analysis.
Peters- seaman, R.N.
Pilbeam, Arthur - leading seaman, R.N.
Plumley, Frank - stoker
Quartley, Arthur Lester - Leading stoker, R.N.
Royds, Charles W. R. - First lieutenant, R.N.
Scott, Gilbert - Steward
Scott, Robert Falcon - Commander, R.N. - Expedition leader
Shackleton, Ernest H. - third lieutenant in charge of holds, stores, provisions and deep sea water analysis.
Sinclair, Robert - seaman
Skelton, Reginald W. - Lieutenant R.N. Chief engineer and photographer,
Smythe, William - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.
Vince, George T. - seaman, R.N.
Waterman- seaman, R.N.
Weller, William Isaac - rating
Whitfield, Thomas - stoker, R.N.
Wild, John R. Frank - seaman
Williamson, Thomas Soulsbury - seaman, R.N.
Wilson, Edward Adrian - Assistant surgeon
The Discovery in 2005 in Dundee
where she is currently on public display
Photo-Val Vannet - creative commons share and share alike license
Officers of the Discovery:From left: Edward Wilson, Ernest Shackleton, Albert Armitage, Michael Barne, Reginald Koettlitz, Reginald Skelton, Robert Scott, Charles Royds, Louis Bernacchi, Hartley Ferrar, Thomas Hodgson
- image used courtesy of Alexander Turnbull National Library, New Zealand
Top Right: Plumley.
Back Row: Blissett, Allan, Wild,Croucher, Kennar, Handsley, Lashly, Crean, Dell, Evans, Clarke, Weller.
Middle Row: Pilbeam, Joyce, Williamson, Heald, Cross, Smythe, Scott.
Front Row: Ford, Feather, Armitage, Mulock, Shackleton, Wilson, Skelton, Scott, Royds, Koettlitz, Bernacchi,
Ferrar, Hodgson, Dellbridge, Dailey.
Not shown: Barne, Bonner, Brett, Buckridge, Duncan, Hare, Hubert, McFarlane, Page, Peters, Quartley, Vince,
Walker and Whitfield.
In more detail
denotes other Arctic or Antarctic expeditionary experience, prior
to, or following this expedition
number in brackets is age at the start of this expedition - not always completely accurate.
|David S. Allan (31) - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.|
Borlace Armitage, Lieutenant R.N.R. - second-in-command
N avigator - Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic expedition 1894
Known as "The Pilot". His position in the Discovery expedition was a condition imposed by Sir Alfred Harmsworth, who donated the very large sum of £5,000 toward the expedition, Koettlitz (also of the Jackson-Harmworth Expedition) was also included as a member of the expedition in the same manner.
was an excellent practical navigator, and of the value of his
Polar experience I shall speak late on"
Born 1864 in the Braes of Balquhidder, Perthshire - died 31st October 1943.
D. Baker (23) - seaman, R.N.
Deserted ship at Port Chalmers, N.Z.
|Michael Barne - Second
Barne was responsible for magnetometry and depth soundings also participating in several sledge journeys making copious notes throughout his three years with the expedition. He was awarded the Polar Medal for his contributions and efforts to the expedition.Born 15th October 1877 at Sotterly Park, Suffolk - died 31st may 1961, the last surviving member of the Discovery expedition.
(23) - seaman, R.N.
Joined at Captown, lost his life after Port Chalmers N.Z. on the 21st of December 1901.
Louis C. Bernacchi - physicist
Borchgrevink / Southern Cross expedition over wintering in the hut at Cape Adare.
Only member with Antarctic experience on the Discovery expedition. Bernacchi joined the Discovery at New Zealand as a late replacement for the previous physicist who had left on grounds of ill health.
Born 1876 in Tasmania - died 24th April 1942 in London.
|Arthur Henry Blissett (23) - Steward|
(35) - Cook
Joined the ship at Port Chalmers, N.Z. as a replacement for Roper, was returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903.
Edgar - Laboratory Assistant
Joined at Capetown, returned to Lyttleton on the Morning in March 1903.
|Clarke - Laboratory Assistant|
|Charles Clarke (24) - 2nd Cook, R.N.|
Crean (24) - seaman, R.N.
Joined the Discovery at Port Chalmers N.Z. from H.M.S. Ringarooma.
Born 20th July 1877 near Annascaul, Ireland - died 27th July 1938, in Cork.
|Jacob Cross (26) - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.|
George Beaver Croucher
(20) - seaman, R.N.
|Frederick E. Dailey
(28) - Carpenter, R.N.
Joined the expedition from H.M.S. Ganges. Apprentice in a wooden shipyard at a time when wooden ships were being replaced by iron and then steel hulled ships. In Antarctica he was responsible for building the Discovery Hut which still stands. A member of Scott's Western Attempt, the Southern Support Party and the Western Depot Party, manhauling and laying depots for others.
Born in Portsmouth.
|James William Dell (23) - seaman, R.N.|
|James H. Dellbridge (29) - Second engineer, R.N.|
(23) - Steward
Discharged at Port Chalmers, N.Z. by "mutual consent" ( a less severe form of dismissal) and replaced by Hare.
Duncan (31) - Carpenter's mate, shipwright
Duncan returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903
"My great uncle James Duncan served aboard Discovery 1901-1904 as assistant carpenter and shipwright. His journals which he kept while on board Discovery are in keeping of a museum in Dundee along with a water colour of Discovery which he won at sports day on the ice and also his Polar medal." - John Duncan Johnston. MBE
|Edgar Evans - Petty
officer, 2nd class, R.N.
petty officer Terra Nova 1910-13
Born 1876 at Middleton, Wales - died 17th Feb 1912 with Scott on the return from the South Pole.
(26) - rating, R.N.
Evans, RN rating who was on the first Scott expedition later resided in my hometown of Vermilion Alberta. Each year he would be invited to speak to to school children about his experiences while part of the expedition. I was about 12 years old when I first heard him speak of his experiences in Antarctica and in ensuing years had further conversations with him. He was a well known and respected local figure. He is buried in the Vermilion cemetery.
I understand he was invited to be a member of the second Scott expedition at the last minute and did journey to New York in order to meet a ship. He missed the connection because of problems with railway schedules and a tight time line. He had been contacted by telegraph while in Vermilion and had to quickly postpone either wedding or engagement plans. He did admit that in hindsight he was fortunate to have "missed that boat" because he may then have been involved in the later less fortunate expedition.
He seems to have spent most of his time on the ship while it was locked in the ice. The crew had a full daily schedule of duty involving recording temperatures of air and water and of using an under ice net to sample fish and sea life. New species were recorded and then cooked and eaten by individual crew men to determine if they were safe or edible. I recall him saying that to a British sailor "there was little that was not edible."
With many thanks to Anthony Dixon.
|Thomas A. Feather (31) - Boatswain (Bosun), R.N.|
Travers Ferrar - geologist
Following graduation in June 1901, Ferrar was appointed geologist to the Discovery Expedition a just month later in July setting sail for Antarctica in the August. He was not an experienced geologist and was not at all well prepared for the work he would encounter in the South though spent much time applying himself to bookwork and study to learn all he could in the time available.
After Shackleton's departure from the expedition he also took over his role of sea-water analysis in addition to being a geologist.
|C. Reginald Ford (23) - Chief Steward / stores officer, R.N.|
Jesse - seaman R.N.
Joined at Port Chalmers
Hare (21) - steward
Joined the ship at Port Chalmers, N.Z. as a replacement for Dowsett, was returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903 and re-engaged on June 8th 1904 for the voyage home to England.
Hare was a part of the group that tried to return to the Discovery after getting caught in a blizzard and led to Vince losing his life. He fell asleep and lay covered by snow for around thirty-six hours. Despite this he didn't suffer from frostbite also enduring forty hours without food and sixty without any warm food.
Lofthouse Heald (25) - Able Seaman, R.N.
Saved Ferrar's life in 1902 when he was in danger of dying of scurvy during a sledge journey.Born in York.
Thomas Vere Hodgson - naturalist
Thomas Vere Hodgson born in Birmingham, England started his life in business through necessity rather than design. His desire was to qualify in medicine and natural science, though circumstances did not allow this for many years during which he devoted his spare time to scientific study.
At 37 years old when he joined the Discovery expedition Hodgson was one of the oldest members.Born Birmingham in 1864 - died in 1926
(35) - donkeyman
The "donkeyman" is the crew member whose job is to deal with the operation and maintenance of any and all assorted machinery other than the main ship's engines. Hubert returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903
Edwards Mills Joyce (26) - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.
Joined the Discovery at Capetown from H.M.S. Gibraltar
Born 1875 - died 2nd May 1940.
|Thomas Kennar (25) - Petty officer, 2nd class, R.N.|
Koettlitz - Surgeon / doctor / botanist
doctor - Jackson-Harmsworth Arctic expedition 1894
The oldest member of the Discovery Expedition, 40 at the time. This was Koettlitz's second polar journey after being the doctor on an earlier Arctic journey. His position in the Discovery expedition was a condition imposed by Sir Alfred Harmsworth, who donated the very large sum of £5000 toward the expedition, Armitage (also of the Jackson-Harmworth Expedition) was also included as a member of the expedition in the same manner.
Born in 1861 in Ostend, Belgium - died, Port Elizabeth, South Africa in 1916.
Lashly (33) - Chief stoker, R.N.
Chief stokerTerra Nova 1910-13, his diary of the expedition was published in 1938-39 by the University of Reading.
Joined the expedition from H.M.S. Duke of Wellington.Born Hambledon, Hampshire died 12th June 1940 at Hambledon.
(25) - seaman
Discharged at Cape of Good Hope by "mutual consent" ( a less severe form of dismissal) and replaced by Vince.
(33) - seaman
Discharged at Cape of Good Hope at his own request, replaced by Sinclair.
Macfarlane (27) - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.
Invalided and returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903.
(36) - sailmaker
Invalided off the ship at Port Chalmers N.Z. before reaching Antarctica
George Francis Arthur Mulock - third lieutenant in charge of holds, stores, provisions and deep sea water analysis.
Replacement for Shackleton in 1903, reached Antarctica on the Morning from New Zealand.
Born February 1882 - died in Gibraltar on 26th December 1963
(25) - stoker
Page returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903
(22) - seaman, R.N.
Peters returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903
|Arthur Pilbeam (23) - leading seaman, R.N.|
Plumley (26) - stoker
Plumley joined the Discovery at Cape Town
|Arthur Lester Quartley (28) - Leading stoker, R.N.|
(23) - Cook
Discharged at Port Chalmers, N.Z. by "mutual consent" (a less severe form of dismissal) and replaced by Brett.
W. R. Royds - First lieutenant, R.N.
Charles Royds was the first lieutenant on the Discovery Expedition, his duties were do with every day running of the ship, dealing with the crew, ensuring they knew what their work was and that they did it correctly.Born 1876 in Rochdale, Lancashire - died London, 1931
Scott (25) - Steward
Scott (not the leader of the expedition) joined the Discovery at Cape Town
Falcon Scott - Commander, R.N. - Expedition leader
expedition leader Terra Nova 1910-13, second expedition to reach the South Pole 1912, perished on the return journey.
The Discovery Expedition was the first encounter with polar exploring that Scott had. He had been in the navy for 18 years and was somewhat restless. A meeting with Clements Markham an advocate of Antarctic exploration and a man who was impressed with Scott is what led to Scott applying for and being given the position of Expedition Leader.
The Discovery Expedition was widely praised for the value of the science that was carried out, though no exploration particularly memorable to the general public took place. On his next trip, Scott was to make a successful bid for the South Pole, though die along with all of his companions on the way back.
Ernest H. Shackleton - third lieutenant in charge of holds, stores, provisions and deep sea water analysis.
Born in County Clare Ireland , Shackleton had a career in the merchant navy in the Pacific before joining the Discovery. He was invalided back to England in the relief ship Morning though went on to organize three trips of his own and become one of the most famous Antarctic explorers. Knighted in 1909.
(31) - seaman
Deserted the ship on return to N.Z., his shipmates believed that Sinclair held himself responsible for the death of Bonner.
W. Skelton - Lieutenant R.N. Chief engineer and photographer
Reginald Skelton had served with Scott aboard the Majestic, Scott's posting immediately prior to the Discovery Expedition when the two men grew to know each other well. Like several others of the officers and crew who joined the Antarctic journey from this ship, Scott was impressed with his manner and abilities. He was hoping to accompany Scott on his 1910-1913 Terra Nova Expedition but was unable to. He returned to the Royal Navy and became an Admiral. He was knighted in 1931.Born 3rd June 1872 at Long Sutton, Lincolnshire - died 5th September 1956
Smythe (24) - Petty officer, 1st class, R.N.
Smythe had been demoted to able seaman at Christchurch after going awol (absent without leave) from the ship. He was re-instated to petty officer after the season on Scott's recommendation.
|George T. Vince (22)
- seaman, R.N.
Joined the Discovery at Cape of Good Hope. Vince lost his life on 11th March 1902 after sliding down a snow slope into McMurdo Sound, his body was never discovered.
(25) - seaman
Walker was returned to Lyttelton on board the Morning in 1903.
(21) - seaman, R.N.
Invalided off the ship at Port Chalmers N.Z. before reaching Antarctica, replaced by Croucher.
Isaac Weller (23) - rating
Joined the Discovery at Lyttleton N.Z.
R. Frank Wild - seaman
Wild was a direct descendent of Captain Cook through his mother, one uncle had been three times on expeditions to the Arctic. He entered the merchant navy in 1889 and joined the Royal Navy in 1900. He had received a polar medal and clasp for his work on the Discovery expedition and the Royal Geographical Society's silver medal.
Born 10th April 1873, Skelton, Yorkshire - died 20th Aug 1939
Soulsbury Williamson (24) - Able seaman, R.N.
Petty officerTerra Nova 1910-13.
Joined the Discovery from H.M.S. Pactolus.Born 1877 Sunderland - died January 1940.
chief of scientific staff and biologist Terra Nova 1910-13
Wilson was by nature more of a field naturalist, but turned to medicine more through necessity. He was regarded as the life and soul of the party during the Discovery expedition. The source of amusements and recreation, always even tempered and cheerful. He was highly regarded by all, possibly best summed by Scott:
"Words must always fail me when I talk of Bill Wilson. I believe he really is the finest character I ever met." - Scott
Born Cheltenham 23rd July 1872 - died with Scott and Bowers in a tent on the way back from the South Pole in March 1912.
|Thomas Whitfield (32) - stoker, R.N.|
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