John Franklin - North-West Passage
- map of North America showing the enlarged area below where
Franklin's Expedition was "lost" and where much of the search
activity took place.
Map of the Area
1 - Cornwallis Island, after entering Lancaster Sound from Baffin Bay in July 1845, the Erebus and Terror circumnavigated this island by initially sailing along the...
2 - Wellington Channel. This was where many of the rescue expeditions looked for Franklin and his crews even as late as 1852, six years after they had actually left the area.
3 - Beechey Island, the Erebus and Terror spent the first winter of 1845-6 here and where subsequent rescue missions themselves wintered and left supplies in case any survivors of the Franklin party should return.
4 - Peel Channel, the Erebus and Terror sailed down here in the summer of 1846 an unusually ice free summer.
5 - The approximate wintering point for the second winter 1846-7 north of Prince William Island.
6 - Victory Point on Prince William Island where a large amount of equipment was found by McClintock in 1859.
7 - The mouth of the Back Fish River (also known as Back River or the Great Fish River), where the crews were thought to have tried to reach in order to walk out of the Arctic following the loss of the ships.
E - The wreck of the Erebus was found here in September 2014
B - The wreck of the Breadlebane a supply ship lost in 1853 was found in 1980, investigated in 1983 and then again in 2014.
Maps used by courtesy USGS, modified for use here.
Picture right - A satellite picture of part of the above area taken on the 27th of June 2002. This is early in he season still for ice melt and break-up, it gives an indication of the degree to which the area amongst the islands is choked with ice making shipping movements difficult to say the least!
Lancaster Sound in calm weather in August 2010, benign conditions that Franklin and those on rescue expeditions
will have encountered at some time before the sea froze the ships in for the winter - or two, or three...