Ernest Shackleton - Nimrod British Antarctic Expedition 1907- 1909

Expeditioners Alphabetically

Shore Party
Adams, Jameson Boyd - second in command and meteorologist
Armytage, Bertram
Brocklehurst, Sir Philip Lee - assistant geologist
David, Edgeworth - Director of scientific staff, geologist
Day, Bernard - electrician / motor mechanic
England, Lieutenant Rupert - R.H.R., ships Master
Joyce, Ernest - general store man, dogs, sledges, zoological collections
Mackay, Dr. Alistair Forbes - assistant surgeon
Marshall, Dr. Eric Stewart - surgeon, cartographer
Marston, George Edward - artist
Mawson, Douglas - physicist
Michell, Dr. William Arthur Rupert - surgeon
Murray, James - biologist
Priestley, Raymond E. - geologist
Roberts, William C. - cook
Shackleton, Ernest - Expedition leader
Wild, Frank - in charge of provisions
Officers of the Nimrod
Cheetham, Alfred - Third officer and boatswain
Davis, John K. - first officer
Dunlop, Henry J. L. - chief engineer
England, Rupert, George, A. - master
Evans, Frederick, Pryce - master
Harbord, Arthur, Edward - auxiliary second officer, second officer, first officer
Mackintosh, Aeneas Lionel Acton - second officer
Michell, Dr. W. A. Rupert - surgeon
Richardson, S. - second officer
Crew of the Nimrod
Abraham, Frederick, G - AB
Ansell, William Drummond - second steward
Berry, Victor - AB
Bilsby, Walter, George - carpenter
Brolly, John - AB
Bull, Alfred, B. - AB
Bull, Henry, B. - AB
Craft, Christian - second engineer
Donovan, D. - fireman
Ellis, Ernest, W. - AB
Hancock, J. - first steward
Holmes, H. - fireman
Hunt, Charles - assistant engineer
Kemp, G.R. - AB
McGillion, Michael, Thomas - trimmer
McGowan, Hugh - third engineer, second engineer
McMillan, John - AB
McNeil, Robert - fireman
McRae, Murdoch, M. - steward
Meyrick, M.R. - trimmer
Montague, John - cook
Morrison, Edward - sailmaker
Nelson, David - assistant engineer
Nodder, Richard, Henry - AB
Paton, James - leading seaman
Partridge, John - fireman
Reynart, E. - fireman
Riches, Sidney - AB
Rooney, Felix - fireman
Rooney, G. - AB
Schofield, A. - fireman
Spice, Walter - AB
Vaughan, M. - fireman
Williams, W. - AB
Officers and crew would sometimes hold a different position during different legs of the voyage, hence apparently multiple roles for some. Many officers and crew were present for some legs only and not the whole voyage.

                other Arctic or Antarctic expeditionary experience, prior to, or following this expedition
           number in brackets is age at the start of this expedition - not always completely accurate.

Interviews with Nimrod crew by a local newspaper at Lyttleton New Zealand November 24th 1907

Shore Party

Ernest Shackleton(33) - expedition leader

    Third lieutenant in charge of holds, stores, provisions and deep sea water analysis
    Discovery expedition 1901-04
    expedition leader Endurance 1914-17
    expedition leader Quest 1920-21

Born 15th Feb 1874, Kilkea, Ireland - died 5th Jan 1922, South Georgia

Jameson Boyd Adams(27) - second in command and meteorologist

    Born in 1880 at Rippinggale Lincolnshire. First went to sea in the merchant service in 1893 serving three years as a lieutenant in the Royal Naval Reserve, before joining the expedition in 1907. Appointed second in command in February 1908.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

Born 6th March 1880, Lincolnshire - died 30th April 1962

Bertram Armytage(38)

    Born in 1869 in Australia, educated at Melbourne Grammar School and Jesus College Cambridge. After a military career which involved several years in the Victorian Militia, Carabiniers, 6th Division Guards and active service in South Africa, he joined the expedition in Australia.
    Married at the time of the expedition.

    Born 1869, Lara, Australia - died 12th March 1910

Sir Philip Lee Brocklehurst(20) - assistant geologist

    Educated at Eton and Trinity Hall Cambridge. Held a commission at the time of the expedition in the Derbyshire Yeomanry, represented Cambridge University in light weight boxing competitions in 1905 and 1906.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

    Born 7th March 1887 at Swythamley park, Staffordshire - died 28th Jan 1975

Tannat William Edgeworth David(50) - Director of scientific staff, geologist

    David was Professor of Geology at Sydney University. He was educated at New College Oxford, afterwards studying geology at the Royal College of Science. He went to Australia to take up a post as Geological Surveyor to the government of New South Wales, a position he had held for eighteen years before joining the expedition.
    Married at the time of the expedition.

    Born 28th March 1858, St. Fagans Wales - died 28th Aug 1934

Bernard Day(23) - electrician / motor mechanic

    motor engineer Terra Nova 1910 - 13

    Educated at Wellingborough Grammar School. Day was involved in engineering from 1903, he left the employ of the New Arrol Johnston Motor-Car Company to join the expedition. The Nimrod expedition was the first to ever take a motor car to Antarctica, a 4 cylinder, 15 horsepower air cooled car came from the Arrol-Johnston company after the intervention of William Beardmore a major sponsor of the expedition (and Shackleton's employer before it started) he had recently taken over to save them from bankruptcy.

    Born 18th Aug 1884, Oakham - died 1934

Ernest Joyce(32) - general storeman, dogs, sledges, zoological collections

    Discovery expedition 1901-04

    Educated at the Greenwich Royal Hospital School from where he entered the Navy in 1891 and rose to the position of Petty Officer 1st class. He had served in South Africa with the Naval Brigade from where he joined Scott's Discovery expedition in 1901 from Cape Town. He left the Navy in December 1905 to rejoin again in August 1906 before leaving again by purchase order to join the Nimrod expedition in May 1907.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

    Born 1875, Bognor, Sussex - died 2nd May 1940

Dr. Alistair Forbes Mackay(29) - assistant surgeon

    Son of Colonel A. Forbes Mackay of the 92nd Gordon Highlanders.  Educated in Edinburgh and then proceeded to Dundee for zoological work under Professors Geddes and D'Arcy Thompson. Served as a trooper in South Africa, then with Baden Powell's police before returning to pass final examinations in medicine to return to the front again as a civil surgeon. He entered the Royal Navy as a surgeon, retiring four years later and then joined the expedition.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

    Born 22nd Feb 1878, Carskey, Argyllshire - died Feb 1914

Dr. Eric Stewart Marshall(28) - surgeon, cartographer

    Educated at Monckton Combe School and Emmanuel College Cambridge. Represented his college in rowing and football. Originally studied for the church, but subsequently entered St. Bartholomew's Hospital in 1899 qualifying as a surgeon in 1906.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

    Born 29th May 1879, Hampstead - died 26th Feb 1963

George Edward Marston (25) - artist

    artist Endurance 1914-17

    "Putty" Marston. Educated as an artist mainly at the Regent Street Polytechnic, a qualified art teacher.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

    Born 19th March 1882, Southsea - died 22nd Nov 1940

Douglas Mawson(27) - physicist

    expedition leader Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-13

    Educated in Australia and working as a lecturer in mineralogy and petrology at Adelaide University and honorary curator of the South Australian Museum at the time of the expedition. Joined the Nimrod in Australia.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

    Born 5th May 1882 on a farm at Shipley, Yorkshire, England in 1882, his mother was originally from the Isle of Man - died 14th Oct 1958

James Murray(42) - biologist

    Spent his early working years in various branches of art, interested in natural history, especially botany. In 1901 he turned his interest to microscopic zoology and was appointed in 1902 by Sir John Murray to work on Scottish lake Survey a job he was still engaged in at the point of joining the expedition as a biologist.
    Married in 1892.

    Born 21st July 1865, Glasgow - died Feb 1914

Raymond E. Priestley(21) - geologist

    geologist Terra Nova 1910-13

    Educated at Tewkesbury School and then Bristol University College, he passed the intermediate exam in science in 1906 and was taking the advanced level when appointed geologist to the expedition in 1907.

    Born 20th July 1886, Tewkesbury - died 24th June 1974

William C. Roberts(35) - cook

    Married at the time of the expedition.

    Born 1872 in London.

Frank Wild ( 34) - in charge of provisions

    Seaman Discovery 1901-04
    Sledge-master Australasian Antarctic Expedition 1911-13
    Second in command Endurance 1914-17
    Second in command Quest- Ernest Shackleton 1921 - 1922

    Wild was a direct descendent of Captain Cook through his mother, one uncle had been three times on expeditions to the Arctic. He entered the merchant navy in 1889 and joined the Royal Navy in 1900. He had received a polar medal and clasp for his work on the Discovery expedition to Antarctica under Scott and the Royal Geographical Society's silver medal. At Sheerness Gunnery School when the Admiralty consented to his appointment to the Nimrod expedition.

    Born 10th April 1873, Skelton, Yorkshire - died 20th Aug 1939

Officers of the Nimrod

Alfred Cheetham- third officer and boatswain

Born 1867, Liverpool

John K. Davis - first officer

Born 1884, Kew

Henry J. L. Dunlop (31) - chief engineer

    Born on 15th October 1876 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The third child of eight. His Father was Chief Cashier of Harland & Wolff, shipbuilders of Belfast.

    Appointed Chief Engineer of the Nimrod in 1907 aged thirty one. I gathered from my Mother that Shackleton was a friend and Henry lent him a sum of money which was never repaid. I have a copy of a letter to Henry on this matter. On arrival at Cape Royds, Henry supervised the laying of the hut's foundations and also helped to build it.

    Henry sailed back to New Zealand on board Nimrod then a year later returned to Antarctica to collect the shore party.

    Three years after he returned from the Expedition he was made General Manager of the African Oil & Cake Mills Company in Liverpool. In 1914 he married Ethel Jane Ward (maybe we're related?) and in 1918 my Mother Patricia was born. Henry died aged fifty four on 5th March 1931 when my Mother was only thirteen. Sadly I never knew him.

    I am hoping to go to see the places he visited in Antarctica but it is a costly trip. Shackleton paid him the compliment of naming an island in McMurdo Sound after him. It is a mile long and situated just off the Wilson Piedmont Glacier. Cape Dunlop takes its name from Dunlop Island.

Information courtesy of Jayne Cant - Henry Dunlop's granddaughter.

Lieutenant Rupert George A. England - R.H.R., ships Master

Born 1878, Warthill, Yorkshire
Frederick Pryce Evans- master

Born 14th April 1874, Newtown, Wales

Arthur Edward Harbord- auxiliary second officer, second officer, first officer

Born 1883, Yorkshire

Aeneas Lionel Acton Mackintosh(26) - second officer

    Born in Tirhoot, Bengal, India in 1881 and educated at the Bedford Modern School in England. He went to sea in 1894 in the merchant navy joining the Peninsula and Oriental Steam Navigation Company in 1899. He was lent from this company to the Nimrod expedition in 1907 and received a commission in the Royal Naval Reserve in July 1908.
    Unmarried at the time of the expedition.

    Born 1st July 1879, Tirhut, India - died 8th May 1916

Dr. William Arthur Rupert Michell - surgeon

Born 1882 in Perth, Ontario, Canada

S. Richardson - second officer

Born 1881, Liverpool

Crew of the Nimrod
Frederick, G. Abraham - AB

Born 1885, London
William Drummond Ansell - second steward

Born 1886, Wimbledon
Victor Berry - AB

Born 1883, London
Walter George Bilsby - carpenter

Born 1872, Hull
John Brolly - AB

Born 1886, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Alfred, B. Bull - AB

Born 1887, London
Henry, B. Bull - AB

Born 1884, Adelaide, Australia
Christian Craft - second engineer

Born 1871, Hull
D. Donovan - fireman

Born 1882, Kinsale, Cork, Ireland
Ernest W. Ellis - AB

Born 1878, Grimsby
J. Hancock - first steward

Born 1878, Lancashire
H. Holmes - fireman

Born 1874, Hull
Charles Hunt - assistant engineer

Born 1878, Jersey
G.R. Kemp - AB

Born 1863, Hamborough
Michael Thomas McGillion - trimmer

Born 1885, Dunedin, NZ
Hugh McGowan - third engineer, second engineer

Born 1875, Armagh, Ireland
John McMillan - AB

Born 1884, Glasgow
Robert McNeil - fireman

Born 1878, Dumbarton
Murdoch, M. McRae - steward

Born 1867, Victoria, Australia
M.R. Meyrick - trimmer

Born 1880, Lyttleton, NZ
John Montague - cook

Born 1869, London
Edward Morrison - sailmaker

Born 1870, Dundee
David Nelson - assistant engineer

Born 1876, Fifeshire
Richard, Henry Nodder - AB

Born 1878, Torpoint, Cornwall
James Paton - leading seaman

Born 1869, Glasgow
John Partridge - fireman

Born 1885, Lyttleton, NZ
E. Reynart - fireman

Born 1885, Kent
Sidney Riches - AB

Born 1880, London
Felix Rooney - fireman

Born 1885, Govan, Glasgow
G. Rooney - AB

Born 1883, Wellington, NZ
A. Schofield - fireman

Born 1875, Hull
Walter Spice - AB

Born 1883, St. Leonard's

After being pointed to your website recently by a relation in Australia I found that our shared great grand uncle, Walter Spice, had been a crew member of the Nimrod.

He was born in St Leonards, Hastings, Sussex, UK, in 1864. I had found earlier records of him and then nothing - until now. How exciting to have a picture and news of him.  In 1879 it appears that 15 year old Walter and his older brother Albert were caught committing larceny and shop breaking and sentenced to a month in prison followed by 2 years on a reformatory ship - possibly 'TS Cornwall' (the handwritten sentence is not easy to read). Perhaps it's not surprising that he went to sea. The next record we have is the 1891 census where he is listed as a boarder at 308 Derby Road, Bootle, Lancs., a common lodging house above a pawnshop. His occupation is recorded as Seaman. Wendy Fraser
M. Vaughan - fireman

Born 1881, Lyttleton NZ
W. Williams - AB

Born 1887 Tasmania

The Nimrod Expedition

Ernest Shackleton Prints

The Beginning of the End

The Endurance is gripped by the ice and is tilted over before being crushed

The Agony of The Endurance
Dogs at rest beside the crushed and soon to be sunk Endurance

  Explorer Ernest Shackleton's Ship "Endurance" Trapped and Slowly Crushed by Ice in Weddell Sea Photographic Print
"Endurance" Trapped and Slowly
Crushed by Ice in Weddell Sea

The "Discovery" Frozen in During the Scott Shackleton and Wilson Exploration of the Antarctic Giclee Print
The "Discovery" Frozen in

During the Scott / Shackleton and Wilson Exploration of the Antarctic

Ernest Shackleton Preparing for a Trans-Antarctic Expedition
Photographic Print

Lt. Shackleton, Captain Scott and Dr. Wilson, Antarctica
Photographic Print

Ernest Shackleton's Expedition Reached Within 100 Miles of the South Pole
Photographic Print
Shackleton's South Pole Car Giclee Print
Shackleton's South Pole Car

Giclee Print

Ernest Shackleton, Irish Antarctic Explorer
Photographic Print

Ernest Shackleton
Giclee Print
Sir Ernest Shackleton Explorer c.1909 Photographic Print
Sir Ernest Shackleton Explorer c.1909

 Photographic Print

Sir Ernest Shackleton
Search for more Shackleton pictures
Biographical information - This is a difficult area to research, I am concentrating on the Polar experiences of the men involved. Any further information or pictures visitors may have is gratefully received. Please email  - Paul Ward, webmaster.
What are the chances that my ancestor was an unsung part of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration?



Ecology and behaviour