Ernest Shackleton
Pictures of the Endurance Expedition

Page 2 - Dump Camp, Ocean Camp and Patience Camp on the sea-ice, escape by boat to Elephant Island, Shackleton's boat journey to South Georgia, Life on Elephant Island, attempted and eventually successful rescue of all the men.

Ice pressure ridges, Shackleton Endurance

Two of the crew amongst ice ridges that had been pushed up by the pressure from the pack
Establishing camp
Early days of establishing a floating camp on the ice


Encampment, the observation platform in the background was to help look for breaks opening in the pack ice and also to scout for seals or penguins that could be taken as food
Ocean Camp, 15th December 1915
Ocean Camp, 15th December 1915

Shackleton and Wild - Ocean Camp

The castaways adrift on the sea ice, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Wild are standing together at the left of the picture - Ocean Camp, Weddell Sea.
The tents at the camp were intended for use in crossing the continent of Antarctica which was the aim of the expedition before the Endurance was sunk

Dog team, scouting across sea ice

Dog teams scouting a way to the land across the rough sea ice, in the end progress was so slow as to be friutless
dog sled team and drivers
Part of a dog sled team and drivers

Dog teams

Teams of dogs, sleds and drivers take a break while scouting on the sea ice
Pressure ridge
Climbing up a pressure ridge, this was horizontal floating ice that was pushed up by some distant wind or storm exerting pressure on the ice

Frank Hurley Sir Ernest Shackleton Patience Camp

Frank Hurley, left, and Sir Ernest Shackleton, right, in front of their small tent at Patience Camp, Weddell Sea.
Sledge dogs of Endurance on the ice after the ship had been frozen in
Trying to make a way through the rough and broken ice

Shackleton Endurance

Observation platform built from wood salvaged from the crushed Endurance, used for spotting openingsin the ice, seals and penguins and for taking sightings on the sun (as here) to determine position and drift.
Shackleton Endurance
Setting out on 23rd December 1915, an attempt to cross the pack ice and start to make toward land, safety and an emergency store of provisions. The attempt was abandonded after 6 days as progress was so slow and physically exhausting.

Airing sleeping bags

Sleeping bags and clothes being aired on the boat during a break while attempting to haul to land
James Caird
Using salvaged wood to raise the gunwhales of the James Caird

On ice in loose pack

Finally the pack ice drifted far enough north to begin to break up and the men took to the boats on loose pack
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At night the boats were drawn up on to an ice-raft and a blubber fire kindled to warm frozen bodies. overhead the Aurora Australis flamed and waned. Composite image of photograph by Hurley and drawing by George Marston.

Hauled onto a flow at night

The boats are hauled up on to a friendly floe to rest the party, and to prepare food. Men on an ice-floe among many thousands in the Weddell Sea, with heavy clouds. Composite photograph and detail of drawing by George Marston.
3 lifeboats making through the ice strewn seas
The boats tried to stay together as far as possible even though not all were able to keep the same speed, a mixtutre of ice floes and bergs made for dangerous sailing

First landing on Elephant Island

First landing on Elephant Island, the libne of ice ashore shows where high tide reaches
Shackleton Endurance
The three boats are pulled a little higher on the beach, the James Caird, the Dudley Docker and the Stancomb Wills, after the first landing on Elephant Island.

Shackleton and Wil at Elephant Island

Shackleton and Frank Wild on arrival on Elephant Island
On Elephant Island, hot food and drink at last

After five days and nights in the boats, the men are eventually on solid land, hot food, they eat and drink and eat and drink for the rest of the day

The launching of the James Caird
The launching of the James Caird from Elephant Island. Shackleton and five others setting out to reach South Georgia 800 miles away across the stormiest seas in the world, this was to become one of the most incredible small boat journeys of all time.
Launching the James Caird

Launching the James Caird

Shackleton Endurance

Once afloat and just off shore, the James Carird was loaded with ballast and stores for the trip
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Those remaining on Elephant Island wave goodbye to the small party going for rescue

Snuggery - Elephant Island
The two upturned boats that formed the "Snuggery" or the "Sty". View of interior of hut on Elephant Island. Composite of photograph and drawing by George Marston. Inside measurements: 18 feet by 9 feet by 5 feet at its highest point. Twenty-two men lived in this hut for four and a half months.
Snuggery - Elephant Island
Home on Elephant Island was built of two upturned boats laid side by side, twenty two men lived like semi-frozen sardines within its cramped, dark interior.

Voyage of the James Caird
After an arduous journey but made much quicker than anticipated, in sight of the goal, nearing South Georgia. Drawn from material supplied by the boat party  Photograph of drawing possibly by George Marston.
Arrival at King Haakon Bay, South Georgia
Arrival at King Haakon Bay, South Georgia

Cape Wild, Elephant Island

The glacier behind the hut at Cape Wild, Elephant Island
The men on Elephant Island
The men on Elephant Island after three months, still hoping for Shackleton to bring a rescue ship

Yelcho at Elephant Island

August 30th 1916, Shackleton sucessfully reaches Elephants Island with the steam tug "Yelcho" on his 4th attempt
Shackleton Endurance
A boat was lowered for the shore, ringing cheers greeted its approach, a terrible chapter in the men's lives was drawing to a close, rescue boat approaching Elephant Island.

Scene on Elephant Island after the releasing of the marooned men by the Chilean tug Yelcho

The men on Elephant Island just before embarking on the rescue boat
Boarding a row boat to take everyone frm Elephant Island to the Yelcho
Boarding a row boat to take everyone frm Elephant Island to the Yelcho

schooner Emma

The schooner "Emma" used for a previous unsuccessful rescue attempt
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A newspaper article reporting the rescue of Shackleton's men from Elephant Island, Shackleton, left and Luis A. Pardo, captain of the rescue vessel "Yelcho" at right

Shackleton Endurance

The "Yelcho" a steam tug lent to Shacjkelton by the Chilean government to rescue his men, prior to the actual rescue it had been used to tow the schooner "Emma" part way to Elephant Island on a failed rescue mission. The rescue took place at the fourth attempt.
Shackleton Punta Arenas

The rescued party arrive at Punta Arenas Chile, accompanied by local dignitaries

Elephant Island party in Punta Arenas
Elephant Island party in Punta Arenas