Ernest Shackleton, Endurance Voyage
Time Line and Map
1 - departure | 2 - trapped and crushed | 3 - journey to South Georgia | 4 - rescue | this page, time-line and map

Map, route of the Endurance, Ernest Shackleton

Event and key to map Time since leaving England Date
Sail from England

Departure

August 8th 1914
1     Depart Grytviken whaling station, South Georgia 3 months, 27days December 5th 1914
2     Entered pack ice 3 months, 29 days December 7th 1914
3     Endurance trapped 5 months, 10 days January 18th 1915
4     Endurance crushed, ship abandoned 14 months, 19 days October 27th 1915
5     Endurance sinks 15 months, 13 days November 21st 1915
6     Launch boats for Elephant Island 20 months, 1 day April 9th 1916 - arrive Elephant Island April 15th
7     Boat journey to South Georgia 2 week journey - 21 months 2 days on arrival at S.G. April 24th - May 10th 1916
8     Shackleton, Worsley, and Crean reach Stromness whaling station 21 months, 12 days May 20th 1916
9     Three crew members rescued from a beach on South Georgia 21 months, 13 days May 21st 1916
10     Remainder of the crew rescued from Elephant Island 24 months, 22 days August 30th 1916

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Sir Ernest Shackleton, Endurance Expedition Time Line

Ernest Shackleton

August 1st 1914 - The Endurance sets sail from London.

November 5th 1914 - Arrival at Grytviken whaling station, South Georgia.

December 5th 1914 - Set sail for Antarctica, last contact with the outside world for 18 months, last contact with land for 497 days.

December 7th 1914 - First encounter with pack-ice.

January 18th 1915 - Endurance becomes beset, frozen into heavy pack ice a day's sail from the intended landfall.

February 22nd 1915 - Furthest south position reached at 77°S 35°W, the ice now starts to drift north carrying the Endurance with it.

August 1st 1915 - Ice surrounding the ship starts to break and push over itself, dogs brought on board.

September 1st 1915 - Ice pressure begins to act upon the ship.

October 27th 1915 - The Endurance is badly damaged by the pressure of ice acting upon her and leaking, Shackleton orders her to be abandoned, stores and equipment are taken onto the sea-ice and a camp established.

November 1st 1915 - After an attempt to march with boats and sleds, "Ocean Camp"  is established a mile and a half from the Endurance.

November 21st 1915 - The broken and splintered Endurance sinks below the ice into the Weddell Sea.

December 22nd 1915 - Kept as Christmas Day, all remaining luxuries were eaten, the last really good meal for 8 months.

December 23rd 1915 - Ocean Camp is abandoned to try to move westwards to Paulet Island and a substantial food depot. Crew and dogs drag sleds and three lifeboats across the sea-ice.

December 29th 1915 - Very broken-up un-negotiable ice is met, a new camp is established "Patience Camp" , they were to live on the floe for nearly three and a half months.

April 9th 1916 - Ice floes breaking up and open water meant It was time to take to the boats and head towards the South Shetland Islands.

April 15th 1916 - Landfall at Elephant Island, the first time in 497 days.

April 24th 1916 - Shackleton and 5 others set off in the James Caird for South Georgia.

May 10th 1916 - James Caird arrives at King Haakon Bay, South Georgia.

May 19th 1916 - Shackleton, Crean and Worsley set out to cross South Georgia to reach the Stromness whaling station.

May 20th 1916 - Arrival at Stromness whaling station.

May 23rd 1916 - 1st rescue attempt, Shackleton sets out on the Southern Sky, a whaling boat to reach Elephant Island, is turned back by sea-ice and heads north arrives at the Falkland Islands on the 31st of May.

June 10th 1916 - 2nd rescue attempt on a trawler, Instituto de Pesca No. 1 loaned and provisioned by the Uruguayan government, again turned back by ice.

July 12th 1916 - 3rd rescue attempt by the schooner Emma, chartered and provisioned by donations raised at Punta Arenas, Chile also turned back by ice.

August 25th 1916 - 4th rescue attempt by the steam tug Yelcho loaned by the Chilean government successfully retrieves all of those on Elephant Island on August the 30th.

September 3rd 1916 - Yelcho reaches Punta Arenas with all 28 men of the Endurance expedition.

  Ernest Shackleton Books and Video

South - Ernest Shackleton and the Endurance Expedition
South - Ernest Shackleton and the Endurance Expedition (1919)
original footage
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Shackleton - The Greatest Survival Story of All Time (3-Disc Collector's Edition)
Shackleton
dramatization
Kenneth Branagh (2002)
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Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure (Large Format)
Shackleton's Antarctic Adventure (2001)
IMAX dramatization
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The Endurance - Shackleton's Legendary Antarctic Expedition
The Endurance - Shackleton's Legendary Expedition (2000)
PBS NOVA, dramatization with original footage
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Endurance, The Greatest Adventure Story Ever Told, book
Endurance : Shackleton's Incredible Voyage
Alfred Lansing (Preface)
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South with Endurance:
Frank Hurley - official photographer
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South: The Story of Shackleton's Last Expedition, 1914-17
South! Ernest Shackleton
Shackleton's own words
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 Shackleton's Way: Leadership Lessons from the Great Antarctic Explorer
Shackleton's Way: Leadership Lessons from the Great Antarctic Explorer
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Shackleton's Boat Journey: The narrative of Frank Worsley
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Shackleton
biography by Roland
Huntford
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The Quest for Frank Wild
biography by Angie Butler
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The Endurance : Shackleton's Legendary Antarctic Expedition
by Caroline Alexander
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Mrs. Chippy's Last Expedition:
The Remarkable Journal of Shackleton's Polar-Bound Cat
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Shackleton's Forgotten Men
Lennard Bickel
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Elephant Island and Beyond: The Life and Diaries of Thomas Orde Lees
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Shipwreck at the Bottom of the World, The True Story of the Endurance Expedition
Shipwreck at the Bottom of the World -
Jennifer Armstrong
for ages 12 and up
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