The hut of Carsten E. Borchgrevink,
built during the British Antarctic Expedition 1898 - 1900 -
ship - Southern Cross.
The picture is of the interior of the accommodation
hut in 2005, it is 5.5 x 6.5 metres (21 x 18 feet). This space
had (has - it is still like this) 2 small rooms off
the entrance porch and then a large communal room seen in this
picture. Five sets of bunks beds around three of the walls gave
each of the ten men a little privacy and sleeping space while
the rest was available for all with the stove (brown and rusty
in the picture) providing cooking facilities and also heating.
The combination of nationalities and social
positions would have made for somewhat uneasy relations at the
best of times but were particularly difficult in these cramped
conditions where weather conditions sometimes kept all of the
men indoors for days on end.
Many lessons on how to winter were learned
however, some of them the hard way. Draughts made the hut cold
to begin with, though these were dealt with which later led
to near asphyxiation of some of the men from carbon monoxide
poisoning as a result of the lack of ventilation.
On the day the men left the hut when their
ship returned, Louis Bernacchi, an astronomer and physicist
wrote in his diary:
"May I never pass another 12 months
in similar surroundings and conditions."
here for a plan of the huts.
Picture courtesy of Mike Usher
- Mike went on a Ross Sea expedition on board the Kapitan Khlebnikov
You can purchase a selection of Mike's pictures