Vostok - 78.45°S
- Continental High Plateau -
Russian base at the Southern Geomagnetic
Pole. It is close to the Pole of Inaccessibility, the point
on the Antarctic continent that is the furthest from any
other and so the most difficult or inaccessible place to
get to. Consistently the coldest place on earth.
Holder of the record for the lowest temperature ever recorded
on the planet
(-128.6°F) on July 21st 1983.
Continental High Plateau -
base at the South Pole, named after Roald Amundsen and Robert
Falcon Scott, the leaders of the first expeditions to reach
the South Pole.
Continental High Latitude
on the edge of the Ross sea, far and away the largest base
in Antarctica, more of a small town.
about half-way down the Antarctic Peninsula, most Northerly
of the Antarctic bases represented here.
London - 55.55°N
- Example of a Northern Hemisphere city, further North than
New York so temperatures don't get so high. The warming
effects of the Gulf Stream ensure that temperatures don't
fall very low.
New York - 40.7°N
- Northern Hemisphere city with a coastal climate.
Sydney - 33.7°S
- Southern Hemisphere city with a coastal climate
Note how the seasonal changes in the shape
of the graphs are the opposite way round for London and
New York to the other places as these are in the Northern
Hemisphere, whereas the others are in the southern hemisphere
and so the seasons are reversed
The graph above and data below are the
average monthly temperatures. These are good for comparison
purposes but a bit misleading when imagining what the climate
in a location is like. They even out the diurnal (daily)
changes in temperature from day to night. It is nearly always
warmer in daylight than at night time.
For example, even though the average London
temperature for August is 16°C, the average maximum
is 21°C and average minimum is 12°C, a few days
before writing this page (10th Aug 2003) a temperature of
37.6°C was reached in London.
Likewise the average July temperature
for Vostok is -66.9°C, but the lowest recorded was
The data given here is simplified for
the sake of clarity. It's very easy when quoting weather
statistics to get rapidly overwhelmed with numbers.
Data for above graphs, mean
monthly temperature in degrees Centigrade