Vostok - 78.45°S -
Continental High Plateau - Russian base at the
Southern Geomagnetic Pole. It is close to the Pole of Inaccessibility,
the point on the Antarctic continent that is the furthest from any other
and so the most difficult or inaccessible place to get to. Consistently
the coldest place on earth. Holder of the record for the lowest
temperature ever recorded on the planet
-89.2°C (-128.6°F) on July
Continental High Plateau -
American base at the South
Pole, named after Roald Amundsen and Robert Falcon Scott, the leaders of
the first expeditions to reach the South Pole.
Continental High Latitude Coast -
American base on the edge of the Ross sea, far and away the largest base
in Antarctica, more of a small town.
Antarctic Peninsula -
British base about half-way down the Antarctic Peninsula, most Northerly
of the Antarctic bases represented here.
- Example of a Northern Hemisphere city, further North than New York so
temperatures don't get so high. The warming effects of the Gulf Stream
ensure that temperatures don't fall very low.
- Northern Hemisphere city with a coastal climate.
33.7°S - Southern Hemisphere city with
a coastal climate
Note how the seasonal changes in the shape of the
graphs are the opposite way round for London and New York to the other
places as these are in the Northern Hemisphere, whereas the others are
in the southern hemisphere and so the seasons are reversed
The graph above and data below are the average monthly
temperatures. These are good for comparison purposes but a bit
misleading when imagining what the climate in a location is like. They
even out the diurnal (daily) changes in temperature from day to night.
It is nearly always warmer in daylight than at night time.
For example, even though the average London
temperature for August is 16°C, the average maximum is 21°C and average
minimum is 12°C, a few days before writing this page (10th Aug 2003) a
temperature of 37.6°C was reached in London.
Likewise the average July temperature for Vostok is
-66.9°C, but the lowest recorded was -89.2°C.
The data given here is simplified for the sake of
clarity. It's very easy when quoting weather statistics to get rapidly
overwhelmed with numbers.
Data for above graphs, mean monthly
temperature in degrees Centigrade