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South! by Sir Ernest Shackleton

Original Titles in Bold - comments by webmaster

Preface  Chapters: I. Into the Weddell Sea | II. New Land | III. Winter Months | IV. Loss of the Endurance | V. Ocean Camp | VI. The March Between | VII. Patience Camp | VIII. Escape From the Ice | IX. The Boat Journey | X. Across South Georgia | XI. The Rescue | XII. Elephant Island | XIII. The Ross Sea Party | XIV. Wintering in McMurdo Sound | XV. Laying the Depots | XVI. The Aurora's Drift | XVII. The Last Relief | XVIII. The Final Phase
Appendix 1: Scientific Work | Sea-Ice Nomenclature | Meteorology | Physics | South Atlantic Whales and Whaling
Appendix 2: The Expedition Huts at McMurdo Sound Pictures: page 1 | page 2 | page 3 | page 4 | page 5 | page 6
Summary (4 pages) of the Trans Antarctic Expedition | Selected pictures at higher quality

The Endurance in full sail
This is in fact a composite picture of the Endurance and pack ice, there is no reason that a ship would put up full sail when quite clearly stuck fast in ice that could not be broken.

Shackleton's 1914-17 Trans-Antarctica Expedition on Twitter - follow us now to get the story 100 years to the day later.  @danthewhaler

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South: A Memoir of the Endurance Voyage
South: Ernest Shackleton,
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Endurance, The Greatest Adventure Story Ever Told, book
Endurance, The Greatest Adventure Story Ever Told.
Alfred Lansing (Preface), book

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South with Endurance, Shackleton's Antarctic expedition, book
South with Endurance: Shackleton's Antarctic Expedition, 1914-1917
Frank Hurley, book
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Shackleton's Boat Journey: The Narrative of the Captain of the Endurance
by Frank Arthur Worsley
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Shackleton Trans Antarctica expedition, original footage from the voyage, released 1919
South - Ernest Shackleton and the Endurance Expedition (1919)
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Shackleton Trans Antarctica expedition, released 2001
Shackleton (2001)

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Ernest Shackleton, Irish Antarctic Explorer
Photographic Print

The Beginning of the End

The Endurance is gripped by the ice and is tilted over before being crushed

The Agony of The Endurance
Dogs at rest beside the crushed and soon to be sunk Endurance

Explorer Ernest Shackleton's Ship "Endurance" Trapped and Slowly Crushed by Ice in Weddell Sea Photographic Print
"Endurance" Trapped and Slowly
Crushed by Ice in Weddell Sea

Shackleton's Forgotten Men: The Untold Tale of an Antarctic Tragedy, The men on the Ross-Sea side of the expedition, book
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Shackleton's Way: Leadership Lessons from the Great Antarctic Explorer
Shackleton's Way: Leadership Lessons from the Great Antarctic Explorer by Margot Morrell, Stephanie Capparell
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The Leader
Sir Ernest Shackleton. The canvas straps on his chest are of a sledging harness.

The Weddell Sea Party
There were two ships involved in the Trans-Antarctic Expedition, one that was to set out from the Weddell Sea side of the continent and the other setting out from the Ross Sea to lay depots for the Weddell Sea party to find.

Young Emperor Penguins
A crèche formed for mutual protection and warmth when the parents have gone to sea to find food.

A Huge Floe of Consolidated Pack
Pack ice consolidated by the sea in between the loose pieces freezing together

Though Shackleton took sledging dogs with the expedition, the expedition members were still not fully skilled or confident in their use.

Ice Flowers
Extremely cold conditions causes water vapour to condense into flower shaped growths on a flat surface. 16th February 1915

Midnight off the New Land

New Land

Close Under the Barrier
Much of Antarctica is surrounded by ice shelves which prevent landings for tens or even hundreds of miles at a time.

Trying to Cut a Way for the Ship Through the Ice to a Lead Ahead
Leads are stretches of open water, here the ship is stuck having been surrounded by ice, the only way out is to laboriously saw and axe a channel through the ice. 14th February 1915

The Night Watchman's Story
Gathered around a stove on night-watch

The Dying Sun
The Endurance well and truly caught fast by now in the days before the time when the sun disappears below the horizon for the winter months.

The Rampart Berg
During the winter months ice-bergs become stuck in the pack ice around them and are relatively stable allowing them to be approached on the ice.

A Bi-Weekly Performance
Scrub-out, part of the regular routine of hygiene and maintenance of any base even today.

Pylon Avenue
Leaving a ship or base in a white out can be a disorienting experience, lines of some sort between features enable men to get around without wandering off and potentially dying. These days, empty oil drums often serve the same purpose.

The Long Long Night
"During the night take flashlight of ship beset by pressure. This necessitated some 20 flashes, one behind each salient pressure hummock, no less than 10 flashes being required to satisfactorily illuminate the ship herself. Half blinded after the successive flashes, I lost my bearings amidst hummocks, bumping shins against projecting ice points & stumbling into deep snow drifts." - Frank Hurley, diary 27th August 1915.

The Pups

The Pressure Approaching the Ship
The Endurance held tight by the ice is subjected to pressure as the ice moves forwards and piles up propelled by distant storms, winds and sea current

Ice Rafting
When the pressure builds, sometimes the ice has nowhere to go but on top of itself.

The Returning Sun
After the winter months of darkness, the sun re-appears over the horizon to herald an Antarctic spring, note the rigging covered with ice crystals.

Wild and Shackleton in the Heavy Pressure
Pressure ridges can throw up some very high ridges making rugged terrain which is difficult to travel over.

Exercising the Dogs
Pulling a small sledge through the pressure ridges and difficult ice conditions.

Crabeater Seals
The second most numerous large mammal on earth after man are very dispersed throughout the sea ice. They provided the staple diet for the dogs and also the men on many expeditions.

Shackleton - South Pictures page 2

History: The Heroic Age | Historical timeline | Geological timeline | Ships of the explorers | Explorers quiz Antarctic Expeditions crew lists and biographies
Explorers: Amundsen Fram pictures | von Bellingshausen - Vostok and Mirny | Borschgrevink - Southern Cross | Bruce - Scotia | Charcot Français Pourquoi-Pas? | Dumont D'Urville - Astrolabe and Zéléé | von Drygalski - Gauss | de Gerlache - Belgica | Mawson Aurora | Nordenskjöld - Antarctic | Ross - Erebus and Terror | Scott: Discovery South Pole The journey to the pole Pictures | Shackleton: Nimrod Endurance Quest
Ebooks: The South Pole - Amundsen | Home of the Blizzard - Mawson | Last Expedition - Scott | South - Shackleton

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