Expedition, 1898-1900 over wintering at Cape Adare
Louis Bernacchi on the Southern Cross
picture courtesy - Allport Library
and Museum of Fine Arts, State Library of Tasmania.
Louis Bernacchi was born in 1876 in
Tasmania where he was also educated, later joining the Melbourne Observatory as a student
for two years where
he gained the specialist knowledge in magnetism that led to his
being appointed as magnetic and meteorological observer to Borchgrevink's Southern Cross
expedition in 1898.
He was a very late recruit to the
being appointed as physicist only after the original candidate had been
rejected on medical grounds. He did not join the expedition until the
Discovery had reached New Zealand.
At the time of the Discovery Expedition,
Bernacchi was the only man on the ship who had previously been to Antarctica.
and magnetic observations made during the Discovery
Expedition were published by the
Royal Society in 1908 and 1909 along with the other scientific results. He travelled
widely on his return from Antarctica
writing scientific papers in the Geographical
Journal amongst other publications.
In the First World War, he served in the Royal
Naval Volunteer Reserve.
He was planning to lead Antarctic
expedition in 1925, though it didn't happen. In
1930 he organised the British Polar Exhibition, he was
involved in organizing the Second International
Polar Year from 1931-32.
He published a life of (Captain)
L.E.G. Oates in 1933 called "A Very
Gallant" Gentleman. Another book, the Saga of the Discovery
came out in 1938. He returned to the Royal
Naval Volunteer Reserve. at the outbreak of the Second
World War, but he was in poor
health and died in London on
24 April 1942.
Landmarks named after Louis Bernacchi
Description: A precipitous cliff forming the S extremity of Franklin
Island in the Ross Sea. Named "Cape Bernacchi" by the BrAE (1898-1900)
for Louis C. Bernacchi, a member of the expedition. The generic has
been changed to "Head" by the US-ACAN to avoid duplication with Cape
Bernacchi on the coast of Victoria Land.
Variant Name(s) - Cape Bernacchi
Name: Bernacchi Bay
Description: Bay about 3 mi wide between Marble Point and Cape
Bernacchi, on the coast of Victoria Land. Named after Cape Bernacchi
by the British Antarctic Expedition under Scott, 1910-13.
bernachii, the Emerald rockcod, a species
of fish first caught on the Southern Cross Expedition
and named in honour of Louis Bernacchi, it is found in
seas all around Antarctica from 0-700m depths.