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William Spiers Bruce - Scotia
Scottish National Antarctic Expedition 1902 - 1904

History: The Heroic Age | Historical timeline | Geological timeline | Ships of the explorers | Explorers quiz Antarctic Expeditions crew lists and biographies
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Ebooks: The South Pole - Amundsen | Home of the Blizzard - Mawson | Last Expedition - Scott | South - Shackleton

The Crew Alphabetically

Anderson, Henry - Able Seaman
Brown, Robert Neal Rudmose - Scientist
Bruce, William Spiers - Expedition leader
Cuthbertson, William - Artist
Davidson, Robert - Second mate and ice master
Duncan
, Alexander - Fireman
Fitchie, John - Promoted from third to first mate in Stanley
Florence, Edwin - Chief cook, promoted to first steward, Buenos Aires Jan 1904
Gravill, Henry - Second engineer, promoted to chief engineer on the death of Ramsey
Grieg, Andrew - Able seaman
Harvey-Pirie, John H. - Scientist
Kerr, Gilbert - Ordinary seaman, lab assistant and piper
Low, David - Fireman
Macmurchie, John - Able seaman
Mackenzie, Thomas - Chief Steward, discharged sick, Buenos Aires Jan 1904
Mackenzie
, Robert - discharged for misconduct Buenos Aires Jan 1904
Martin, William - Able seaman, scientific staff Oct 1903 - Feb 1904
McDougall, James - Third mate and Boatswain
Mossman, Robert Cockburn - Scientist
Murray, William - Second cook, promoted to chief cook, Buenos Aires Jan 1904
Patrick, David - Boatswain and quarryman, joined in Buenos Aires Jan 1903
Ramsay, Alan - First engineer, died on board Scotia 6th Aug 1903
Rice, James - Carpenter
Robertson, Alexander - Able seaman
Robertson
, Thomas - Captain
Ross, Alastair - taxidermist
Smith, James - Able seaman, carpenter's mate
Smith, John - Ordinary seaman
Smith, William - Second steward
Thomson
, Bryce, Allan - First mate, left at Stanley Jan 1903
Walker, Alexander John - Able seaman, skinman and lampman
Wilson, Robert - Fireman and blacksmith
Wilton, David W.  - Scientist

The Scotia at Laurie Island

The Crew In more detail

bullet denotes other Arctic or Antarctic expeditionary experience, prior to, or following this expedition
number in brackets is age at the start of this expedition - not always completely accurate.

Scientific Staff

Bruce, William Spiers - Expedition leader

Address: 2 Milton Road, Joppa

Brown, Robert Neal Rudmose - Botanist

Address: 52 Beaconsfield Place, Aberdeen

Cuthbertson, William - Artist
Harvey-Pirie, John H.  - Scientist
Mossman, Robert Cockburn - Scientist
Ross, Alastair - taxidermist
Wilton, David W.  - Scientist

Crew
Robertson, Thomas - (48) Captain
Thomson, Bryce, Allan - (28) First mate, left at Stanley Jan 1903

Born: Tobermory, Scotland
Address: Alva Villa, Tobermory

Davidson, Robert - (40) Second mate and ice master

Born: Peterhead, Scotland

1881 census shows Robert as living at 8 Graham Place, Dundee with his father and family
(thanks to Peter Rickard - grandson by email - 2008)

Fitchie, John - (53) Promoted from third to first mate in Stanley

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 237 Blackness Road, Dundee

McDougall, James - (37) Third mate and Boatswain

Born: Peterhead, Scotland
Address: 145 Princess Street, Dundee.

Anderson, Henry - (26) Able Seaman

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 4 Parker's Court, Dundee.

Duncan, Alexander - (29) Fireman

Born: Peterhead, Scotland
Address: 1 Constitution Street, Peterhead.

Florence, Edwin - (28) Chief cook, promoted to first steward, Buenos Aires Jan 1904

Born: Peterhead, Scotland
Address: 22 Queen Street, Peterhead.

Edwin Florence was born December 6, 1872 in Peterhead, Aberdeenshire. He died February 10, 1945 in Sioux Lookout, Ontario, Canada.

He was one of seven known children of James Florence and Mary Falconer. His father was a blacksmith in Peterhead.

Edwin married Jessie Stewart Thomson on March 1, 1899 in St. Nicholas, Aberdeen. She was born December 9, 1874 and died May 1, 1971 in Sioux Lookout, Ontario. They had six children, all born in Peterhead.

The following history was written by his daughter, Ann Hutcheson Florence Young:

Edwin Florence spent most of his younger years on sailing ships and on whaling ships in the Antarctic. He is known to have been a crewmember on the ship 'Scotia' during the Scottish Antarctic Expedition at the turn of the 20th Century. He sailed from Kilmarnock, Scotland, 1903.

It is known that prior to his settling in Canada, he sailed northern waters - to Iceland, Jutland, the Skageratt and the Baltic Sea. This could have been connected with fishing trawlers.

His collected artefacts and stories come from his calls in Rangoon, Hong Kong and Sierra Leone.

Since he was in San Francisco near the time of the 1906 earthquake, it is thought that his rounding of the Horn was at about this time. He then returned to Scotland.

Edwin Florence came to Canada about 1910, working on the Canadian National Railway construction at Fort William, Ontario, Canada.

Sioux Lookout, Ontario, was his final choice. He established a bakery shop in 1918. His wife and children emigrated from Scotland in 1920. He retired in 1935.

Gravill, Henry - (28) Second engineer, promoted to chief engineer on the death of Ramsey

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 93 Arbroath Road, Dundee

Grieg, Andrew - (22) Able seaman

Born: Tayport, Scotland
Address: Dalgleish Street, Tayport, Fife

Carlos Haymes - Chief engineer, replaced Ramsey

Born: Uruguay

Kerr, Gilbert - (32) Ordinary seaman, lab assistant and piper

Born: Pennicuick, Scotland
Address: 241 Causeway, Edinburgh

Low, David - (42) Fireman

Born: Peterhead, Scotland
Address: I Constitution Street, Peterhead.

Macmurchie, John - (28) Able seaman

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 17 Laurimer Street, Dundee

Mackenzie, Thomas - (38) Chief Steward, discharged sick, Buenos Aires Jan 1904

Born: New Zealand
Address: 20 West Princess Street, Rothsay

Mackenzie, James - (23) Able seaman

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 59 Wellgate, Dundee

Mackenzie, Robert - (23) Able seaman, discharged for misconduct Buenos Aires Jan 1904

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 29 Wellgate, Dundee

Martin, William - (26) Able seaman, scientific staff Oct 1903 - Feb 1904

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 42 Step Road, Dundee

Murray, William - (30) Second cook, promoted to chief cook, Buenos Aires Jan 1904

Born: Peterhead, Scotland
Address: Stirling Village, Boddam, Aberdeenshire

Patrick, David - (38) Boatswain and quarryman, joined in Buenos Aires Jan 1903

Born: Britain
Address: 10 Church Street, Dundee

Ramsay, Alan - (25) First engineer, died on board Scotia 6th Aug 1903

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 6 Wellington Street, Dundee

Rice, James - (42) Carpenter

Born: Troon, Scotland
Address: East Union Street, Troon

Robertson, Alexander - (46) Able seaman

Born: Peterhead, Scotland
Address: 1 Caith Street, Peterhead

Smith, James - (26) Able seaman, carpenter's mate

Born: Dundee, Scotland
Address: 1 Middle Street, Dundee

Smith, John - (21) Ordinary seaman

Born: Lerwick, Scotland
Address: East Wharf, Shetland

Smith, William - (42) Second steward

Born: Aberdeen, Scotland
Address: 2 St. Matthew Street, Dundee

Walker, Alexander John - (28) Able seaman, skinman and lampman

Born: Peterhead, Scotland
Address: 13 Sea Gate Peterhead

Wilson, Robert - (22) Fireman and blacksmith

Born: Glasgow, Scotland
Address: 11 Armour Street, Kilmarnock

Biographical information - This is a difficult area to research, I am concentrating on the Polar experiences of the men involved. Any further information or pictures visitors may have is gratefully received. Please email  - Paul Ward, webmaster.
What are the chances that my ancestor was an unsung part of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration?
 


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